Asynchronous sound playing in Python (Shallow Thoughts)

Akkana's Musings on Open Source Computing, Science, and Nature.

Wed, 17 Oct 2012

Asynchronous sound playing in Python

A little while back I wrote about my Python xchat script to play sound alerts.

But one thing that's been annoying me about it -- it was a problem with the old perl alert script too -- is the repeated sounds. If lots of twitter updates come in on the Bitlbee channel, or if someone pastes numerous lines into a channel, I hear POPPOPPOPPOPPOPPOP or repetitions of whatever the alert sound is for that type of message. It's annoying to me, but even more so to anyone else in the same room.

It would be so much nicer if I could have it play just one repetition of any given alert, even if there are eight lines all coming in at the same time. So I decided to write a Python class to handle that.

My existing code used subprocesses to call the basic ALSA sound player, /usr/bin/aplay -q. Initially I used
if not os.fork() : os.execl(APLAY, APLAY, "-q", alertfile)
but I later switched to the cleaner
subprocess.call([APLAY, '-q', alertfile])
But of course, it would be better to do it all from Python without requiring an external process like aplay. So I looked into that first.

Sadly, it turns out Python audio support is a mess. The built-in libraries are fairly limited in functionality and formats, and the external libraries that handle sound are mostly unmaintained, unless you want to pull in a larger library like pygame. After a little web searching I decided that maybe an aplay subprocess wasn't so bad after all.

Okay, so how should I handle the subprocesses? I decided the best way was to keep track of what sound was currently playing. If another alert fires for the same sound while that sound is already playing, just ignore it. If an alert comes in for a different sound, then wait() for the current sound to finish, then start the new sound.

That's all quite easy with Python's subprocess module. subprocess.Popen() returns a Popen object that tracks a process ID and can check whether that process has finished or not. If self.curpath is the path to the sound currently playing and self.current is the Popen object for whatever aplay process is currently running, then:

    if self.current :
        if self.current.poll() == None :
            # Current process hasn't finished yet. Is this the same sound?
            if path == self.curpath :
                # A repeat of the currently playing sound.
                # Don't play it more than once.
                return
            else :
                # Trying to play a different sound.
                # Wait on the current sound then play the new one.
                self.wait()

    self.curpath = path
    self.current = subprocess.Popen([ "/usr/bin/aplay", '-q', path ] )

Finally, it's a good idea when exiting the program to check whether any aplay process is running, and wait() for it. Otherwise, you might end up with a zombie aplay process.

    def __del__(self) :
        self.wait()

I don't know if xchat actually closes down Python objects gracefully, so I don't know whether the __del__ destructor will actually be called. But at least I tried. It's possible that a context manager might be more reliable.

The full scripts are on github at pyplay.py for the basic SoundPlayer class, and chatsounds.py for the xchat script that includes SoundPlayer.

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[ 12:07 Oct 17, 2012    More programming | permalink to this entry | comments ]
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