Make Firefox warn you of specific types of links before you click (Shallow Thoughts)

Akkana's Musings on Open Source Computing, Science, and Nature.

Sat, 20 Jul 2013

Make Firefox warn you of specific types of links before you click

Sometimes when I middleclick on a Firefox link to open it in a new tab, I get an empty new tab. I hate that.

It happens most often on Javascript links. For instance, suppose a website offers a Help link next to the link I'm trying to use. I don't know what type of link it is; if it's a normal link, to an HTML page, then it may open in my current tab, overwriting the form I just spent five minutes filling out. So I want to middleclick it, so it will open in a new tab. On the other hand, if it's a Javascript link that pops up a new help window, middleclicking won't work at all; all it does is open an empty new tab, which I'll have to close.

A similar effect happens on PDF links; in that case, middleclicking gives me the "What do you want to do with this?" dialog but I also get a new tab that I have to close. (Though I'm not sure what happens with Firefox's new built-in PDF reader.)

Anyway, since there seems to be no way of making middleclick just do the sensible thing and open these links in a new tab like I asked, it, I can do something almost as good: a user stylesheet that warns me when I'm about to click on one of these special links. This rule changes the cursor to a crosshair, and turns the link bold with colors of red on yellow. Hard to miss!

I put this into userContent.css, inside the chrome directory inside my profile:

/*
 * Make it really obvious when links are javascript,
 * since middleclicking javascript links doesn't do anything
 * except open an empty new tab that then has to be closed.
 */
a:hover[href^="javascript"] {
  cursor: crosshair; font-weight: bold;
  text-decoration: blink;
  color: red; background-color: yellow
  !important
}

/*
 * And the same for PDFs, for the same reason.
 * Sadly, we can't catch all PDFs, just the ones where the actual
 * filename ends in .pdf.
 * Apparently there's no way to make a selector case insensitive,
 * so we have separate cases for .pdf and .PDFb
 */
a:hover[href$=".pdf"], a:hover[href$=".PDF"] {
  cursor: crosshair;
  color: red; background-color: yellow
  !important
}

In selectors, ^="javascript" means "starts with javascript", for links like javascript:do_something(). $=".pdf" means "ends with .pdf". If you want to match a string anywhere inside the href, *= means "contains".

What about that crosshair cursor? Here are some of the cursors you can use: Mozilla's cursor documentation page. Don't trust the images on that page -- hover over each cursor to see what your actual browser shows.

You can also warn about links that would open a new window or tab. If you prefer to keep control of that, rather than letting each web page designer decide for you where each link should open, you can control it with the browser.link.open newwindow preference. But whatever you do with that preference you can add a rule for a:hover[target="_blank"] to help you notice links that are likely to open in a new tab.

You can even make these special links blink, with text-decoration: blink. Assuming you're not a curmudgeon like I am who disables blinking entirely by setting the "browser.blink_allowed" preference to false.

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[ 19:26 Jul 20, 2013    More tech/web | permalink to this entry | comments ]
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