Shallow Thoughts : : Sep
Akkana's Musings on Open Source Computing and Technology, Science, and Nature.
Wed, 18 Sep 2013
I found myself wanting to upload a sketch to an Arduino Pro Mini
recently, using an FTDI
Friend, and found that how to do it was surprisingly undocumented.
First, the important thing is that the six FTDI pins do match up with
the six pins at the edge of the Pro Mini, though obviously you have
to figure out which way to rotate the two boards so you won't be 180
degrees off. I wasn't clear on that since the labels on the pins
don't seem to match (see below).
Second, if you haven't soldered headers to your Pro Mini, you can
stick a female-female header into the FTDI Friend's female header.
then insert the other side of the header into the holes in the Pro
Mini at an angle -- hold them with some tension so that the header
pins are making contact with the copper-plated rims of the Pro Mini
Okay, so the big question is which way to match the pins.
It's complicated by the Pro Mini's having both outer holes unlabeled.
Usually when trying to match pins I start by looking for Ground,
and make sure the two Grounds match. That doesn't work here --
the FTDI has the Gnd on one of the outer pins, while the
Pro Mini has Gnd on the second pin in. The pin parked Gnd on the Pro
Mini goes to CTS on the FTDI, while the pin parked Gnd on the FTDI
corresponds to a pin on the Pro Mini that's unmarked.
If you turned one of them 180 degrees, then you'd have Gnd (Pro Mini)
- Rx (FTDI), and Gnd (FTDI) - unmarked (Pro Mini). No help there.
So ignore Ground and use VCC as your guide. It's on the third pin in --
so only in one orientation will VCC on both boards match. That's the
orientation you want, and it works.
On some Pro Minis and some FTDI boards, you'll also have a label for
"GREEN" or "GRN" on one side, and "BLACK" or "BLK" on the other.
Match those if you have them, but you may not find that on all boards,
particularly if you ever hook up to clone or third-party boards.
So stick to VCC as a guide and you should be okay.
So what are those outer two holes on the Pro Mini?
An image search for
Arduino Pro Mini Pinout gives some pages showing GRN as
TX and BLK as +9V (I assume that would be Vin, but actually those pages
seem to be referring to the Arduino Mini, not the Pro Mini).
But another shows GRN as RESET and BLK as Gnd.
Pro Mini schematic shows the outer pins on JP1 as DTR and GND.
So that seems most likely.
[ 16:28 Sep 18, 2013
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Fri, 13 Sep 2013
Someone on the gimp-developers list asked whether there was
documentation of GIMP's menu hooks.
I wasn't sure what they meant by "hooks", but GIMP menus do have
an interesting feature that plug-in writers should know about:
Placeholders let you group similar types of actions together.
For instance, iever notice that in the image window's File menu,
all the things that Open images are grouped together? There's Open,
Open as Layers..., Open Location... and Open Recent. And then
there's a group of Save actions all grouped together -- Save, Save
As..., Save a Copy... and so forth. That's because there's a
placeholder for Open in the File menu, and another placeholder
When you write your own plug-ins, you can take advantage of these
placeholders. For instance, I want my Save/Export clean plug-in to
show up next to the other Save menu items, not somewhere else down
near the bottom of the menu -- so when I register it, I pass
menu = "<Image>/File/Save/" so GIMP knows to group
it with the other Save actions, even though it's directly in the File
menu, not a submenu called Save..
Pretty slick, huh? But how do you know what placeholders are available?
I took a look at the source.
In the menus/ subdirectory are all the menu definitions in XML,
and they're pretty straightforward.
In image-menu.xml you'll see things like
<placeholder name="Open">, <placeholder name="Save">
So to get a list of all the menu placeholders, you just need to
find all the "
grep '<placeholder' menus/*.xml
That's not actually so useful, though, because it doesn't tell you
what submenu contains the placeholder. For instance, Acquire is a
placeholder but you need to know that it's actually
File->Create->Acquire. So let's be a little more clever.
We want to see <menu lines as well as <placeholders,
but not <menuitem since those are just individual menu entries.
egrep '<(placeholder|menu) will do that.
Then pass it through some sed expressions to clean up the output,
loop over all the XML files, and I ended up with:
for f in *.xml; do
egrep '<(placeholder|menu) ' $f | sed -e 's_<placeholder *name="_** _' -e 's_<menu.*name="__' -e 's_"/*>__'
It isn't perfect: a few lines still show up that
shouldn't -- but it'll get you the list you need. Fortunately the
GIMP developers are very good about things like code formatting,
so the identation of the file shows
which placeholder is inside which submenu.
I only found placeholders in the image window menu, plus a single
placeholder, "Outline", in the selection menu popup.
I'm a little confused about that menu file: it seems to duplicate
the existing Select menu in the image-menu.xml, except that
the placeholder items in question -- feather, sharpen, shrink, grow,
and border -- are in a placeholder called Outline in
selection-menu.xml, but in a placeholder called Modify
Anyway, here's the full list of placeholders, cleaned up for readability.
Placeholders are in bold and followed with an asterisk *.
===== image-menu.xml =====
Color Profile *
Light and Shadow
Recently Closed Docks
===== selection-menu.xml =====
[ 19:06 Sep 13, 2013
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Sat, 07 Sep 2013
Tomorrow, Sunday September 8th, is an interesting astronomical event:
a nice conjunction of a slim crescent moon and gibbous Venus, with
Saturn hanging above and to the left of the pair.
That alone isn't anything unusual, though
they'll be a lovely naked-eye sight just after nightfall.
But here's the kicker: they'll be quite a bit closest during the daytime,
best around 2-3 in the afternoon,
Which makes for a fun exercise: can you find the crescent moon
during daylight, then use it to guide you to Venus (right above it,
about a degree away) and Saturn (about 10 degrees away, down and left)?
They'll be just a little east of due south, and about 40 degrees up.
You'll definitely need binoculars to find Saturn, and they might help
in finding the other two as well, depending on how bright and how hazy
your afternoon sky is. Once you find them, a low powered telescope view
should show Venus' phase and Saturn's rings. Venus is gibbous, alas;
it would have been fun to see two crescents lined up one above the other.
If you have trouble finding them, wait until 3:30 pm, when they'll be
transiting. At that point, you should be able to point due south,
sweep your binoculars (or just your eyes) up just short of halfway to
the zenith, and the moon should be there.
If you don't get a chance to watch the daylight conjunction, or don't
have binoculars or a telescope handy, at least take a naked eye look
at the trio at nightfall.
Mars and an early view of Comet ISON
As long as I'm reposting tips from my
SJAA Ephemeris Shallow Sky column,
there's another interesting thing in the sky this month:
Comet C/2012 S1 ISON. Yes, that's the "super comet" that's supposed
to become brighter than the moon. No, it won't be bright yet.
It's still super wimpy, and worse, it's still in the morning sky,
so it's not an easy or convenient target.
On the other hand,
through September and October, Mars and Comet ISON will be
within a few degrees of each other. So if you're willing to stay up
(or get up) for early morning dark-sky observing, and you have a
big telescope, this could be a nice view.
The comet won't be very impressive yet -- it's only expected to be
10th magnitude in September -- but such close proximity to Mars makes
it easy to find and keep track of. In September, the pair don't rise
until about 3:30am, and that won't change much for the next few months.
The comet will probably stay below naked eye visibility at least
for the next two months, brightening from 11th magnitude in early
September to maybe 7th magnitude by Halloween.
As September opens, ISON makes a triangle with Mars and M44, the
Beehive cluster. The comet stands about 2 degrees north of the Beehive
and about 5 degrees east of Mars. But it closes with Mars as the month
progresses: by the end of September you can find the comet about two
degrees north of Mars, and by the middle of October they'll be down to
only a degree apart (with ISON brightening to about ninth magnitude).
About that Beehive cluster: right now (September 7 through 9),
Mars is passing right through the Beehive, like an angry red wasp
among the smaller bees. Should be a nice view even if the comet isn't.
It's a good binocular or even naked eye view (though great with a
So if you find yourself up before dawn, definitely take a look.
[ 19:34 Sep 07, 2013
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Mon, 02 Sep 2013
We recently returned from a quick whirlwind trip through a series
of towns in the Four Corners area: the place where Arizona, New
Mexico, Colorado and Utah come together.
watching hot-air balloons floating across the sky against the backdrop
of Mesa Verde in Cortez, CO ... and watching one accidentally
land in the middle of the highway in front of our motel
(the White Eagle Inn, a charming little place with super nice owners).
Cars stopped on the highway while someone jumped out of the basket and
pushed the balloon toward the side of the road. The truck on the left
is the chase crew.
(And yes, that's a powerline in the foreground, very close to where
the balloon came down.)
The sky was full of balloons, and the hotel was as good a place as any
to watch them. Quite a way to start the morning!
The view of the Rio Grande from the White Rock Overlook with lightning
flashing in the background.
(No lightning in the photo, just a 13-image panorama. Click for a
Dinner at Rancho de Chimayo. I had their famous carne adovada,
Dave had a stuffed sopaipilla with green chile, and we shared.
And sopaipillas with honey on the side, of course.
They're just as good as they were the first time I was there ...
was that really a quarter century ago?
All the motels that are using WPA passwords for their wi-fi, instead
of stupid browser pages that you have to re-authenticate every time
the connection drops. Things are looking up, gradually, for motel wi-fi.
Heading back into California,
driving past Primm, NV, we checked out the progress on the new solar tower
collector being built at old Ivanpah. It's changed a lot since we were
there last. It looks like one tower is operational (though its mirror
array doesn't appear to extend all the way around yet), while two more
towers have mirror arrays but still have covers over the central tower.
[ 21:15 Sep 02, 2013
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